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Physics: heat dilates air. Heating a glassball tube, air expands out of it as bubbles through water
Heating a glassball tube, the air contained in it expands out of it and forms bubbles through water.
Lavoisier experiment: discovery water composition by decomposing water vapour over hot iron.
The discovery that water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen was made in the early 1780s. Lavoisier demonstrated that iron reacts with water releasing hydrogen.
Chemistry: transition from boiling water to vapor.
Illustration from an old chemistry book. Occasionally the same happens in the kitchen as well.
Heat of vaporization: transforming a substance from liquid into gas
Heating a glass tube with water, the water boils and transforms into gas by vaporization. In principle the glass tube can be replaced by a cooking pan.