Gas cooking stove, XIX century engraving - Vintage Nostalgia
Gas cooking stove, XIX century engraving

Gas kitchen stove as cooking device with scientifically controlled heat and gas fuel

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Fluids thermal expansion: the volume of a fluid increases when temperature rises - Vintage Nostalgia
Fluids thermal expansion: the volume of a fluid increases when temperature rises

By heating a flask full of water it may be observed that as the temperature raises the water expands and its density decreases.

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Physics: heat dilates air. Heating a glassball tube, air expands out of it as bubbles through water - Vintage Nostalgia
Physics: heat dilates air. Heating a glassball tube, air expands out of it as bubbles through water

Heating a glassball tube, the air contained in it expands out of it and forms bubbles through water.

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Pressurized gas produces mechanical motion. - Vintage Nostalgia
Pressurized gas produces mechanical motion.

Illustration from an old chemistry book: very base of the steam engine

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Chemistry: Oxyhydrogen blower. - Vintage Nostalgia
Chemistry: Oxyhydrogen blower.

Oxyhydrogen is mixture of hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O2). If a stream of air is blown through a Oxyhydrogen flame, the fuel- air mixing is enhanced and the jet exiting the flame is intensely hot.

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Old chemistry: hydrogen lighter - Vintage Nostalgia
Old chemistry: hydrogen lighter

One of the first lighters was invented by the German chemist J. W. Doebereiner in 1823. This lighter worked by a reaction of hydrogen to a platinum sponge (acting as a catalyst), with of a great amount of heat being … Continued

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Chemistry experiment: hydrogen is inflammable - Vintage Nostalgia
Chemistry experiment: hydrogen is inflammable

Hydrogen is buoyant in air and the hydrogen flames tend to ascend rapidly. The Graf von Zeppelin learned it the hard way.

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Lavoisier experiment: discovery water composition by decomposing water vapour over hot iron. - Vintage Nostalgia
Lavoisier experiment: discovery water composition by decomposing water vapour over hot iron.

The discovery that water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen was made in the early 1780s. Lavoisier demonstrated that iron reacts with water releasing hydrogen.

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Chemistry: collection of gas over water - Vintage Nostalgia
Chemistry: collection of gas over water

A gas-developing reaction takes place in a heated glass tube and the gas is collected in a container filled with water and inverted in a reservoir of water. As the gas is created, it will displace water from the bottle.

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Chemistry: heat conduction in fluids - Vintage Nostalgia
Chemistry: heat conduction in fluids

Water is boiling at the top of the test tube, but it is cold at the bottom.

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Chemistry: distillation by alembic - Vintage Nostalgia
Chemistry: distillation by alembic

Illustration from an old chemistry book

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Chemistry: heating by vapor - Vintage Nostalgia
Chemistry: heating by vapor

The bended glass pipe canalizes vapor from the boiling water in the closed flask to the receiving glass on the left, causing the water inside to boil too.

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